Scaling and Root Planing

Scaling and Root Planing

Scaling and Root Planing

Scaling and root planing are the processes of removing the accumulated plaque and tartar from the surface of teeth and roots respectively. They are very effective when it comes to the treatment of gum diseases such as periodontitis and gingivitis. A hand held scaling device is used for the procedures.

How is periodontitis caused?

Periodontitis is by far the most dangerous gum disease. The cause of periodontitis is the accumulated bacteria on the surface of the teeth. When they stay on the teeth for a long span of time, they turn into a dark, sticky and difficult-to-remove matter called calculus, which upon hardening forms tartar. Tartar contains numerous bacteria, which is the main cause for the spread of infection to the gums. The symptoms of gum diseases are:

  • Swelling, bleeding and release of pus from the gums
  • Bad breath
  • Loosening of the teeth from the sockets
  • Tenderness and pain in the gums

There is no cure for periodontitis, but it can be controlled by oral cleaning and medication.

Scaling and Root planing

The tartar that’s formed on the surface of the teeth will be removed using a hand held ultrasonic scaler. The debris and the scaled out deposits are rinsed using a water jet. The scaler is absolutely safe and removes the tartar using ultrasonic vibrations.

Root planing is a much intricate process and gets rid of the plaque and tartar from the root surfaces. Prior to starting the procedure, local anaesthesia would be administered to make sure the process is as comfortable as possible and to numb the surrounding region. The device used looks like a hook and would be inserted in between the teeth and the gums. Also, any imperfections on the root would be smoothened out so that the accumulation of bacteria and debris doesn’t occur.

Why are scaling and root planing necessary?

  • Scaling and Root planing are very effective against periodontitis. Patients who get the procedures done often exhibit a reduction in the severity of the infection. If the disease is left untreated, it could progress on to the teeth and jawbone as well.
  • The procedures improve the aesthetics of the teeth as the stains caused due to plaque are removed.
  • Oral cleaning ensure better gum health. Symptoms such as release of pus, bleeding, bad breath are considerably reduced.
  • Since root planing gets rid of the imperfections from the surface of the roots, it reduces the deposit of the bacteria on the teeth.

Regular oral cleaning is the best way to reduce the chances of developing gum diseases. Thorough brushing and flossing usually get rid of the majority of the microbes from the mouth, which is the first step in preventing the formation of plaque. In addition to that, regular visits to the dentist’s office for a routine cleaning is in order to check for any signs of infections. Call us today for a consultation with our highly experienced dentists.

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